Although widespread in West Africa’s grassland region, the majority of Hausa/Fulani people live in Northern Nigeria.
The Hausa and Fulani are two ethnic groups that were once separate but are now considered to be a single, unbreakable ethnic country.
The majority of Hausa/Fulani people are concentrated in Northern Nigeria, particularly in and around the cities of Sokoto, Kano, and Katsina, which were significant market hubs on the southern section of the trans-Saharan caravan trade routes in the past. Despite being widespread throughout the grassland belt of West Africa.
The Hausa had constructed well-run city governments before the arrival of the Fulani. These states comprised Borno, Daura, Biram, Gobir, Kano Zazzau (Zaria), and Katsina.
However, the Fulani overcame some of these and restored their rule. Then, a few other kingdoms were established, including Katagum, Hadejia, and Gombe.
The entire force of Islam was introduced into Hausa territory by the Fulani, and this had a significant impact on social life and culture. The Hausa and their Fulani conquerors assimilated into the Islamic cultural landscape in terms of education, attire, taste, and outlook. This impact is still present today.
They typically don’t share the same appearance or cultural practices. Most Fulanis have fair skin, lanky frames, and long hair. As part of their marriage obligation, they practice beating a suitor in front of the bride; this encouraged monogamy among them.
As nomads, Fulanis do as well. They practically covered the entirety of West Africa due to their nomadic lifestyle. They are quite accepting of other people’s languages, which allows Hausa to stifle their own, particularly in northern Nigeria.
On the other side, Hausas make competent businesspeople. This assisted in spreading them to certain nations around Nigeria. They are not recognized for their bravery, with the exception of some of their women, like Queen Amina of Zazzau.
They are often quite conservative and intolerant of other people’s languages. Their polygamy is encouraged and they have a high divorce rate since their marriages are less demanding.
Since they generate the majority of emirs and are the leaders of Islam in Nigeria, the Fulanis occasionally think of themselves as superior.